Storia ed archeologia a Casa Pizzuta

The Necropolis The Greeks always chose dry sites for their necropolis, as happened in Eloro, the inhabitants “installed the bulk of their necropolis on the rocky terrace sloping down to the sea, which extends north of the city. Other small agglomerations of tombs in the vicinity”. The necropolis are divided into four groups. Group A, west of Eloro (400 meters from the river), must have included about fifty tombs, while group B extends 20 m south-west of Pizzuta . Group C goes from the foot of the Column to the east, and then group D of little importance • Newspaper “La Sicilia” discovery of a tomb of Greek origin in Casa Pizzuta.    History of Sicily in one hundred seconds   The Pizzuta Column At about 1500 meters north-west of the city Eloro stands the majestic column called Pizzuta , dating back to the 4th and 3rd centuries BC, even if the different types of excavation of the rock Pizzuta column hypogeic suggest a previous use of the tomb to preserve the ashes of warriors who died in war; in this case the column would have a commemorative value. “It rises on a base of four steps, the column itself formed by massive uncemented boulders, but connected to perfection, has a base diameter of 3.79 meters and a height of 10.50 meters.   Eloro A fascinating site overlooking the sea, at the north end of the Vendicari Nature Reserve, one of the last unspoiled places among the dunes covered by the Mediterranean scrub, splendid beaches with crystal clear waters. placed to protect the nearby river Tellaro, formerly “Eloro” from which the city took its name. The fortified city was founded by Corinthian colonists who landed from neighboring Greece in the 7th century BC, which connected the Greek colonies of Syracuse, Kamarina and Gela.       Inside the archaeological site long sections of the Greek walls are clearly visible, some districts of the city, the bases of Greek temples and Byzantine basilicas, and an interesting stretch of the Greek theater. Eloro      

Sicilian Writers

Luigi Pirandello (Agrigento, 1867-1936) Won the Nobel prize for Literature in 1934. Focused on the human condition, the many “faces” of one’s personality. Critiques the relevance of social conventions. Starts the “grotesque” theater. Wrote novels and theater works. Giovanni Verga (Catania, 1840-1922) Novelist, one of the main exponents of the “Verismo” literary movement. Federico De Roberto (Naples, 1861-1957) Spent most of his life in Catania, working mainly as a journalist. His most famous work, “I Vicere ‘”, describes the rivalries and family dramas of the “Viceroys”, the powerful dynastic families that dominated the Sicilan nobility at the time of the Risorgimento. Giuseppe Tomasi di Lampedusa (Palermo, 1896-1957) His only novel “Il Gattopardo” (The Leopard), written after World War II was made famous in ’63 by Visconti’s film of the same name. It recounts the dramatic period of the Italian “Risorgimento”, with the arrival of Garibaldi in Sicily, from an aristocrat’s point of view. Salvatore Quasimodo (Modica, 1901-1968) Awarded the Nobel prize for Literature in 1959. Poet and translator (of Greek, Latin and English literature), he is one of the main exponents of the hermetic movement. His poems have been translated into 40 languages. Vitaliano Brancati (Pachino, 1907-1954) Novelist and scriptwriter. His works are characterized by a satirical description of the provincialism in Italian society during fascism.   Leonardo Sciascia (Racalmuto, Agrigento, 1921-1989) Focused on Sicily, its history and its problems. In the 70s he started getting more and more interested in Italian politics, criticizing the leading party of the Christian Democrats and later joining the Radicals. He left an extremely rich production of long and short novels and articles published by the main Italian editors. Andrea Camilleri (Agrigento, 1925-) Scriptwriter, film director, novelist. His detective-stories have dominated the bestseller lists in Italy in recent years and are being translated into English, French and Spanish . He writes in an Italian interspersed with “sicilianisms” and full of humor …

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